Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Project Name Akabeya Centre Rehabilitation / WASH Programme
Location Akabeya, South Lebanon
Problem Statement



Many of the Syrian population have lost their livelihoods and are in dire need of assistance. The security situation throughout Syria is volatile with significant amount of fighting being reported in the country. There is shrinking humanitarian space and reduced access to basic services, such as health care. The massive influx of Syrian Refugees to Lebanon has created aggravated socio-economic conditions, making it difficult for the refugees to meet the basic day-to-day needs to sustain their wellbeing.

Syrian refugees in Lebanon face many difficulties such as inadequate and unsafe water supply, poor sanitation and unsafe hygiene practices which are the main causes of many sicknesses.

The Akabeya centre embraces more than 120 families of which over 70% are children and women, are currently living in extreme life-threatening harsh conditions. The centre is approximately located 60 km away from Lebanon’s capital city Beirut.  Medical physicians sent by MEDRAR examined the children and elders that face different kinds of infections due to the fact of contaminated water.


Objective To respond to the needs of the affected Syrian refugees in South Lebanon through sustainable WASH interventions
Project Summary

Objectives, outputs and main activities


Immediate development of constructing and developing the sewage and drainage network, rehabilitating kitchens and bath tubs inside the rooms of the Akabeya Centre, installing drain pipes to septic tanks and casting concrete. Furthermore supplying and installing electric tubes and circuits for the centre. Supplying aluminium doors, windows and panels.

This project will help improve the well-being of the Syrian refugees at the Akabeya Centre.

This project has been made up of  three  (3) Phases :

1. Phase One

  • Sewage and drainage network
  • Kitchens, Latrines and Bath tubs
  • Installation of drain pipes and casting concrete

2. Phase Two

  • Wall Plaster
  • Wall Tiles

3.Phase Three

  • Doors
  • Electricity
  • Community mobilization and information
  • Sensitization on Hygiene and sanitation practices.
Direct Beneficiaries 670 people
Project Budget $ $ 142,428.00
Project Start Date: July 2013
Project Duration: 45 Days


The current humanitarian situation in Syria, resulting from the severe war, is now the worst crisis the region has seen in decades. The deteriorating instability in the war-torn Syrian Arab Republic has caused millions of Syrians to leave their homes in search for a safe haven for themselves and their families. Syrian refugees fled to Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey and Iraq hoping for better living conditions.

In Lebanon, the UNHCR has so far registered more than 500,000 Syrian refugees, however the Lebanese government estimates that there are over 500,000 Syrian refugees that are not registered yet.

Most Syrian refugees in Lebanon have little or no financial resources to support themselves. The UNHCR estimates that over 100,000 Syrian Refugees are now settled in South Lebanon in harsh conditions. The majority of the refugees are women and children who are in dire need for assistance and support to sustain the basic needs of life.


Assessment of the Akabeya Centre:

The Akabeya Centre has been evaluated in three aspects:

1) Life conditions: Sanitation (solid waste management), Hygiene Practices and Shelter Conditions

2) Local Capacity: Understanding the context of the Syrian Refugees with brief background analysis.

3) NGO/International Commitments: Evaluating the commitments made by NGOs and International Organizations if any.

Since MEDRAR Foundation has proved its commitments to the Syrian Refugees at the Akbeya Centre due to previous humanitarian accomplishments, MEDRAR has gained the trust of the refugees to cooperate and assist MEDRAR’s work at the centre. MEDRAR made sure that all work and coordination taking place at the Akabeya Centre is under the supervision and knowledge of the Municipality. The Mayor and the Municipality showed all support for the efforts made by MEDRAR to enhance the wellbeing of the Syrian refugees in the area.

Interviews and visits to the Akabeya centre gave the MEDRAR team an opportunity to witness the harsh living conditions of the Syrian refugees and an opportunity to talk and discuss with them their problems and demands.

The main heading of our assessment included:

  • Hygiene practices
  • Use of latrines and development of proper sewers infrastructure
  • Enhanced water sources and quality
  • Household composition

Due to the lack of proper water, sanitation and hygiene at the centre, many children faced the risk of getting infected by various diseases such as helminth infections, dracunculiasis, tachoma, flurosis and other.

Humanitarian Coordination:

MEDRAR has coordinated with local and national governmental officials to support the work of MEDRAR in enhancing the wellbeing of the Syrian refugees at the Akabeya Centre.

Government officials, NGOS and International Organizations showed willingness to support and coordinate any efforts made to improve the livelihoods of the Syrian refugees in the area.

Project Intervention

Phase 1: (Timeframe: 20 Days)

  • Developed the Sewage and Drainage Network
  • Rehabilitated Kitchens, Latrines and Bath Tubs
  • Installed drain pipes and casting concrete

Phase 2: (Timeframe: 10 days)

  • Wall Plastering
  • Wall Tiles

Phase 3: (Timeframe: 10-15 days)

  • Doors
  • Electricity

Monitoring and Evaluation

Simple tools have been used to gather data from the field and will be jointly designed with community committees. Where possible and appropriate, MEDRAR used or adapted existing tools and ensured that any new tools developed are compatible with existing being used by other agencies responding to or monitoring the implementation.. Programme activities will be monitored and supervised by MEDRAR staff. MEDRAR engaged into several coordination meetings with SIF to assess the implementation process.

Sustainability and Exit strategy

All stakeholders have been consulted throughout programme implementation. MEDRAR encouraged and facilitated community ownership by ensuring the whole community is involved during the process of implementation, while building the necessary capacity at the community and regional level. The knowledge and skills gained by community members have been applicable well beyond the programme period.  The participatory community mobilization and requirement of community participation, even in emergency interventions when appropriate, ensures local ownership, sustainability, and momentum help extend the influence of the project. Sustainability activities are adapted to be appropriate to each community; classic capacity building activities are included in all projects relating to community assets.